Thursday, December 22, 2011

First colored girl in the office: 1950s workplace integration

Check out this oddity from the 1950s: A dramatically-acted government film about a company hiring its first black office employee.

The film, The New Girl in the Office, was made by the President's Committee on Government Contracts, an agency created by President Dwight Eisenhower in 1953 (JFK changed the title of the agency in 1961, leaving me to believe the film is from the 1950s).

The New Girl in the Office stars Gail Fisher as Mary the aforementioned girl who gets a secretarial job in a white-owned company because of new federal equal employment policies. Employees are hostile and Mary is intimidated...you get the picture. The film features Ed Asner, Lou Gossett, Clarice Taylor and other actors whose faces would, along with Gail's, become familiar in the decade to come.

The film is 30 minutes long and is almost laughably dead-serious--and a little patronizing--in its earnestness. "She's gotta be so likeable, that any white girl with a chip on her shoulder would think twice before she starts any trouble," one character says.

Which isn't to say there aren't some laughs here, although unintentional. The Urban League leader who tells  the very cute Mary at 11:32 that not taking chances causes one's pride to "shrink down to 10 inches" is clearly trying to send her a coded message of a different sort, ain't he? And I think the boss's secretary is passing--that's why she's accepting. The dark-haired male executive with the hot coffee fetish is also, I bet.

Some good old mid-century sexism is at play. The women are the cattiest about Mary; the guys seemed to take it in stride. One of the chicks threatens to quit, but instead of letting her go, the boss persuades her to stay to keep the other women from leaving. Pimp!

Of course, the secretaries end up accepting Mary. Even the one that threatened to quit. I wish she would have made a sequel in about 1970 when Mary goes back to school, gets her degrees, and decides to move up the ladder a little more.

As an actress, Gail Fisher was a bit of a ground-breaker herself. An early 1960s spot she did for All laundry detergent made her the first black person to have speaking lines in a national television commercial. She's best known for being Joe Mannix's secretary--and clearly he was digging on her--in the 1968 to 1975 television show Mannix. She died in 2000 at 65.

3 comments:

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咖啡喝到手腳冰冷、血液循環不良!冬天喝咖啡2件事一定要做到
【早安健康/劉博仁(醫師、營養醫學專家)】
女生天氣冷的時候特別容易手腳冰冷,原因可能跟喝的咖啡有關!


35歲的上班族李小姐,她在找我調身體的時候,本來是強調月經不順、發胖,還有四肢手腳容易冰冷,尤其是天氣冷的時候,她一天喝兩杯咖啡,她還開玩笑告訴我說,我看你的粉絲頁說喝咖啡比較長壽,因此我每天從喝一杯咖啡,變成喝兩杯咖啡,只要想到你說的長壽,有的時候還會喝到三杯。可是最近天氣冷手腳還是很冷,而且感覺冰冷的程度比去年還嚴重。但是我想到喝咖啡可以長壽,我就忍下去了。 (編輯推薦:咖啡防失智、改善脂肪肝,但這時間點千萬別馬上喝!)

唉,我最怕粉絲只知其一不知其二,喝咖啡有助於降低總死亡率以及保護肝臟、減少二型糖尿病,是因為咖啡裡面的綠原酸及一些抗氧化物質,但是不要忘記了,喝咖啡容易利尿,大量的小便會將身體的熱量帶走並脫水,因此反而有助於散熱,這在夏天倒是沒關係,在冬天可能就麻煩了,可能會愈喝咖啡,手腳更冰冷,血液更黏稠了。

小小的技巧,如果您並沒有對牛奶過敏,冬天喝咖啡加一些牛奶或者是豆漿,都可以減少咖啡因的攝取,而且牛奶或者是豆漿裡面富含的蛋白質及鈣質,對身體的骨骼保養是有幫助,但是記住千萬不要加糖。

如果喝黑咖啡的朋友,酒店消費
當然是比較好,如果喝咖啡又加上隨時補充溫熱開水,這樣子身體在冬天散熱的情況就會比較平衡。

另外,有骨質疏鬆、青光眼、甲狀腺功能亢進、心律不整、消化性潰瘍的朋友,喝咖啡就必須斟酌了。

本文授權自【劉博仁醫師 基因營養功能醫學專家】臉書粉絲專頁

作者簡介:劉博仁醫師,2009年《商業週刊》百大良醫專刊推薦醫師、教學醫院營養醫學門診創始人。現任:台北菁英診所基因營養功能醫學門診營運長、台中科博特診所院長、台灣基因營養功能醫學學會理事長。